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Integrated Wilt Management in Chickpea (Cicer aritinum L.) in Bundelkhand Region

Anil Kumar Singh, R.K.S. Tomar, B.S. Kasana, Y.C. Rikhari and Pradeep Kushwaha

Abstract

Chickpea wilt incited by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris is one of the severe diseases causes heavy losses (20- 100%) depending upon stage of infection and wilting. Minimizing this disease can only be accomplished by careful crop management. On-farm demonstration on use of resistant variety JG-16, summer deep ploughing, Trichoderma viride, PSB, Rhizobium and fungicides was conducted during Rabi (Oct-February) 2011-12 and 2012-13 in two villages of Datia district (M.P) in Bundelkhand region. The field experiments comprised of four treatments module. In treatments module 1 (T1), where summer deep ploughing (SDP) + resistant variety (JG-16), wilt incidence was recorded 8.7% at village Sitapur and 9.04% at village Kakraua. In treatments module 2 (T2), where treatments module 1 (T1) + seed treatment with the combination of Carbendazim (1.0g) + Thiram (2.0g) per kg seed followed by Trichoderma viride @ 5.0 gram/kg were applied as seed treatment, wilt incidence was 5.2% at village Sitapur and 5.46% at village Kakraua. In treatments module 3 (T3), where treatments module 1 (T1) was applied followed by seed were treated with PSB and Rhizobium, wilt incidence was 7.7% at village Sitapur and 8.10% at village Kakraua. Highest seed germination per cent (87.22), 100 seed weight (17.65 g), yield (22.35q/ha), Benefit Cost ratio (3.61) and reduction in wilt incidence (69.26%) was found in treatments module 4 (T4) at village Sitapur where integration of the treatments module 1(T1), treatments module 2 (T2), and treatments module 3 (T3) followed by Trichoderma viride 4.0 kg/ha with 200 kg farm yard manure (FYM) was applied as basal application at the time of field preparation.

Keyword: Resistant variety; Wilt incidence; IPM; INM; BCR

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