Effectiveness of Artificial Insemination in Dairy Cattles: Recent Evidences from India's Milking State of Gujarat

Pushpa and B.S. Chandel


The importance of Livestock Sector is proving in Agriculture Sector as is evident from its rising share in Agricultural GDP. However the growth of Livestock Sector is conditioned by livestock support services, wherein the performance of services is judged from the efficiency and effectiveness of livestock support services. The present study is targeted at this crucial component of development. The efficient delivery of Artificial Insemination has become a subject of rising concern to many national and international organisations such as FAO, World Bank and ILRI in India, recognising the importance of livestock for the rural poor and their limited financial access to these livestock support, the central and state governments have been extending these services at a huge subsidy. There is a vast network of veterinary institution in the public sector that offers veterinary and breeding services to the farmers at very low prices. It’s a well known fact that India is having highest livestock population in world as well as highest buffalo population also but still we are lacking behind in milk productivity as most of our livestock are nondescript and local breed whose milk productivity s very low. Artificial Insemination is playing an important role for the improvement of coming progeny of Nondescript Cattle breeds of India. The present study is focusing on the economic framework and the context for effective and efficient delivery of Artificial Insemination services to the farmers in Gujarat, which is one of the leading states having good network of different agencies (cooperative network, NGOs, and public sectors) providing livestock services.

Keyword: Dairy cooperatives, artificial insemination, conception rate, calving rate, livestock.

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