Assessment of Agricultural Livelihood Security of Tribal Farmers under Tribal Sub Plan in Meghalaya

Deepa Thangjam, J.K. Chauhan, R.J. Singh, L. Hemochandra, Ram Singh and L. Devarani


Livelihood security of an individual is the most important aspect of life. It is access to basic amenities such as food, income, habitat, etc. Therefore, the present study assesses the Agricultural Livelihood Security of tribal farmers under Tribal Sub Plan (TSP) project undertaken by Central Agricultural University, Imphal in Meghalaya. The study was conducted in Ri bhoi and West Garo Hill districts of Meghalaya. For the purpose of the present study, a total of 390 beneficiary farmers have interviewed such that 270 farmers from Ri bhoi district and 120 farmers from West Garo Hill district. Paired t-test for the test of significance of two dependent samples was applied to test the significance of mean difference before and after the intervention TSP. A significant difference was found in components such as food security, income security, social security, and environmental security before and after implementation of TSP. Whereas in components like habitat security, educational security, and health security, there was no significant change for before and after a period. Overall, considerable change was observed in the agricultural livelihood security of the farmers. Keywords: Livelihood security; Tribal Sub Plan; Beneficiary farmers; Pairedt-test;

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