V.P.S.Yadav, Rajender Kumar and B.K. Sharma
Indian mustard (Brassica juncea (L.) Czernj. Cosson) is a major oilseed crop of India. It is predominantly cultivated in Rajasthan, UP, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, and Gujarat. The crop can be raised well under both irrigated and rainfed conditions. The productivity of Mustard is still very low due to poor transfer of technology from the points of its development to the points of its utilization. There is a tremendous opportunity for increasing area and the production of Mustard crop by adopting the improved technologies. To boost the production and productivity particularly in oilseed crops, Krishi Vigyan Kendras are playing important role to popular the improved technologies by demonstrating at farmersâ€™ fields in their farming situation through Front Line Demonstrations (FLDs). Keeping the importance of FLD on Raya for enhancing the acreage and production of raya crop in District Faridabad of Haryana state, KVK Faridabad laid out Front line demonstrations at Farmersâ€™ fields under irrigated situation during Rabi seasons of the years 2009-10, 2010-11, 2011-12, 2012-13& 2013-14. The impact of these Frontline demonstrations on raya crop were assessed. The findings of frontline demonstrations conducted on raya crop indicated that per cent increase in yield over farmersâ€™ practice (local check) ranged from 9.5 to 11.3 per cent over five years. It was further observed that in terms of economics, FLD fields recorded higher net returns per hectare compared to farmerâ€™s practice during all the years. The benefit cost ratio(BCR) of demonstration plots ranged from 2.25 to 2.86 in raya crop.
Keyword: Frontline demonstration; Raya; Yield performance; Economic analysis