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Assessment of the Sustainable Livelihoods of Loktak Lake Islanders in Bishnupur District of Manipur

T. Sunanda, M. K. Singh, Daya Ram and K.P. Chaudhary

Abstract

Sustainable livelihoods are dynamic in nature and also are influenced by external and internal conditions making the interdependent influencing factors more complex in nature. Inequitable access to livelihoods opportunities leads to social unrest and violence and political instability. Bishnupur district was purposively selected for the present study. Multi- stage sampling procedure was followed for the selection of respondents. A sample size of 150 respondents was selected separately from each village based on stratified random sampling with proportional allocation method. The study concluded that majority of the Islanders had medium level of livelihood on different aspects of sustainability factors. Age, family size, land holdings, annual income, animal enterprise intensity, nutrition, farm size, yield, technology utilization and economic motivation were the important factors which have contributed to the sustainable livelihoods gained by the Loktak Islanders. On regression analysis, the variables age, annual income, nutrition and yield were found to contribute significantly to prediction of sustainable livelihood and therefore are good predictors for the sustainable livelihood of Loktak Islanders

Keyword: Sustainable livelihoods; Human; Physical; Natural; Social and Financial capitals;

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