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Zero Input Tendencies against Nutritional Security to Livestock in Bangladesh Border of Assam

Liakot Hussain, K. K. Saharia and M. Johari

Abstract

Technological improvement in livestock sector has been shying away from the farmers in many parts of the country including the Bangladesh border of Assam due to some inherent difficulties. International border areas are virtually vulnerable to many issues including technologies and innovations. Therefore, a study was conducted in three villages namely Kamarpara, Kukurmara and Mankachar of international border in Dhubri District of Assam to understand the extent of technologies and innovations adopted in livestock rearing. Thirty six each farmers having at least one pair of cattle or buffalo were selected randomly from the villages making a sample size 108. The study revealed that statistically 48.15 per cent of the respondents had low level of adoption in breeding practices. Both in management/health care and feeding practices about 90.00 per cent respondents fell in the medium to high category of distribution. The activities done mostly by the farmers were “indiscriminate natural service”, “selective natural service”, “record of heat cycle”, “pregnancy diagnosis” and “identification of animal in heat”. It was found that regularly to importantly attended activities in feeding practices were “special feeding during ill health” (72.22%), “colostrum feeding to the calves” (18.52%), “special diet while in lactating period” (34.26%), “special diets to pregnant animal” (50.00%) and “concentrate feeding during ill health” (8.33%). In case of management practices the respondents placed their opinion to mostly degree in “first aid treatment during emergency” (91.67%), “expenditure on health care/management (monthly) lesser than Rs. 500/-” (85.19%), “sel

Keyword: Zero input; Nutritional Security; Technology; Farmer; Livestock;

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