Income Enhancement and Employment Generation Through Apiculture Enterprise for Rural Youth in Punjab

Gurdeep Singh, Devinder Tiwari and S. P. Yadav


The study was conducted during the year 2013-14 in Mansa and Ludhiana district of Punjab State. Objective of the study was to conduct comparative socio-economic analysis of the migratory and stationary apiary units. The average size of migratory apiary units was found to be 65 hives and in case of stationary apiary units on an average there were 12 hives. A total of 60 respondents were selected for the purpose of the study. The analysis of the personal characteristics of the respondents revealed that migratory apiary units were adopted by unemployed rural youth from all the sections of the rural society. While, stationary apiary units were mainly practised as subsidiary occupation by small and marginal category farmers. The average honey production from migratory apiary units was 46 kg hive- 1 it was only 17 kg hive-1 for stationary apiary units. The cost-benefit analysis of both migratory and apiary units were found to be 2.77 and 1.91 and relative income was Rs. 2.61 kg-1 and Rs. 1.63 kg-1, respectively.

Keyword: Impact assessment; Apiculture Enterprise; Migratory apiary units

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