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DEMONSTRATION: AN EFFECTIVE TOOL FOR INCREASING THE PRODUCTIVITY OF URD

B.S. Kirar, R. Nashine, A.K. Gupta, and S.C. Mukherjee

Abstract

Urd is an important food legume widely consumed in India. It also plays an important role in sustainable agriculture enriching the soil through biological nitrogen fixation. Bastar district occupies 16650 ha of land and 7326 tons production with average productivity of 440 kg ha-1 of urd. Looking of fact front line demonstration were undertaken by the Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Jagdalpur, Bastar on the improved package of practices of urd in the district for 3 consecutive years viz 2002-03, 2003-04 & 2004-05. The highest seed yield (630 kg/ha-1) was recorded in the year 2002-03. In FLD, it was 40 percent more over the farmers practice (450 kg ha-1), however, the lowest yield (490 kg ha-1) was recorded in the year 2003-04 under FLD and 251 kg ha-1 in farmers’ practice. Increase in the yield (99%) under FLD over farmers practice was obtained during the year 2004-05. The variation in the percent increase in the yield was found due to variation in agro climate parameter under rainfed condition. Under sustainable agricultural practices, with this study it is concluded that the FLD programme was effective in changing attitude, skill and knowledge of improved/ recommended practices of HYV of urd included adoption. This also improved the relationship between farmers and scientist and built confidence between them. The demonstration farmers acted also as source of information and pure seeds for wider dissemination of the HYV of urd for other farmers

Keyword: Urd; Sustainable agricultural

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