Anuradha, K.S. Kadian, M.S. Meena, H.R. Meena and C.S. Prashanth
This present study was undertaken in Haryana state to identify the prevailing constraints and suggestive measures from farmers’ perceptive to mitigate crop residue burning. The data were solicited from 180 farmers from three major crop residue burning districts of Haryana state. The severity of constraints was analyzed using the Garret ranking technique. These constraints were categorized as technological, straw use constraints, communication constraints, economic and management. Suggestions were delineated using open ended schedule and after screening, categorized as policy, management, Finance and technology related. The study reveals that availability of less time between two crops was found the major constraints with a highest mean score of 81.67 per cent. Secondly, high production cost through hiring of the machinery was ranked as second constraint (73.01%), followed by less availability of practical techniques (69.12%). In present study extension contacts & annual income of farmers was negative and significantly (P<0.05) association between perception about constraints. Mainly farmers suggested that bio energy based power plant should be promoted (94.44%) and by increasing industrial use of residue as fuel or input (96.66%) can promote farmers to sell instead of burning. Therefore, for increasing the adoption rate of management alternatives, there is a need to resolve these problems with research, extension and policy measures.
Keyword: Residue; Burning; Sustainable alternative; Constraints; Garratt ranking;