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Socio-economic Implecations of Managing Disaster

B.P. Mishra, Kundan Kumar, D.K. Sujan and R. B. Singh

Abstract

The diversified geophysical, climatic and demographic conditions combining together make India one of the most disaster prone countries of the globe. Eastern Utter Prasdesh, is the most densely populated part of the State and have highest area under Flaster (Flood + Disaster). This part of the state is frequented with several severe Flaster and almost 44 per cent of the area is always got inundated. Disasters are an unwanted event which badly affect the life and property both and creates a ground to warrant emergency and external assistance.The study was conducted in the Narharpur village of C.D. block Barhalganj, district Gorakhpur. Locale of research was selected purposively in light of maximum recurrence of flood and flood disasters in the selected village of eastern part of U.P. Ex-post facto research design with PRA technique was used for the collection of data and information. With these tools an effort has been made for comparative study on the basis of response of affected farmers towards relief work undertaken by GOs, NGOs and SOs.The state of Uttar Pradesh which has one fourth of total flood prone area of the country suffers heavy damage annually due to flood disaster. Eastern Uttar Pradesh shares half of the total flood affected area of Uttar Pradesh, hence, damage of life and property is very common here due to flood. The comparative study of NGO and GO with SO towards relief work were undertaken by them during flood period had revealed that GO had provided structural and fund loving supports whereas as the SO and NGO had provided humanitarian support to reduce down damage. The findings had clearly indicated that the adaptive behaviour, individual approach and community level support were key to reduce flood disaster risk and damage

Keyword: Flaster; Government Organ

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