Sashilila Ao and N. K. Patra
In spite of the consistent and high economic growth, India has frequently been experiencing poverty, social exclusion,<br />untouchability, inequality and unemployment. To address and mitigate all the unhealthy social issues and to<br />achieve social inclusiveness various endeavours have been introduced in the country since independence. Integrated<br />Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) is one such initiative introduced in the country to achieve the social<br />inclusion, to reduce the poverty, to up-scale the rural livelihood as well as to conserve the natural resources. This<br />paper is an attempt to examine the performance of IWMP to up-scale the social inclusiveness of beneficiaries in<br />Wokha, Nagaland, India. In this study 114 beneficiaries of IWMP are included as respondents. Important 5 aspects<br />of social inclusiveness are included in the study. Further, 35 issues are included to examine the performance of<br />IWMP in up-scaling of social inclusiveness, and of which 8 issues are included under social aspect, 10 issues each<br />under physical and economic aspects, 5 issues for gender aspect and 2 issues under political aspect. Results<br />indicate that performance of IWMP is highly significant in respect of improvement of social, physical, economic and<br />gender aspects of social inclusiveness of beneficiaries and highly significant in terms of up-scaling of overall social<br />inclusiveness. The two tailed Z Ã¢â‚¬â€œvalue of overall social inclusiveness is -9.0157, Z-critical of 1. 96 and p value of 0.<br />Study also proves that majority of the beneficiaries (i.e., 63 %) have moderately benefitted and another 23% of<br />beneficiaries are greatly benefitted from the IWMP.
Keyword: IWMP; Performance of IWMP; Social inclusion; Z-test