Study on Comparative Knowledge Level about Improved Dairy Farming Practices of SHG & Non-SHG Members in West Bengal

Sukanta Biswas, D. P. Sikdar and A. Goswami


India is the land of diversified agrarian resources where livestock is an integral part of it. Majority (70%) of rural population are engaged in livestock based production system, as this is the only equitably distributed economic enterprise to address the issues of unemployment and poverty in rural areas. Considering this importance of livestock economy, government has initiated several rural developmental schemes for the socio-economic upliftment of rural poor since independence. To achieve better success in this sector government has launched more integrated developmental programme as Swarna jayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana (SGSY) in April, 1999. The study was conducted in purposively selected Dakshin Dinajpur district of West Bengal. The data was collected through personal interview with the help of tested structured schedule administered on randomly selected 80 SHG members from the 8 blocks of the district. Two villages from each block and from each village, five respondents were selected randomly. In this way, total 80 SHG beneficiaries and similar number of respondents (80) from same blocks as Non SHG beneficiaries rearing livestock were considered to make as control group for comparative study with the SHG beneficiaries. To judge the impact of the study, dependent variables such as- adoption Index and Knowledge level about improved Dairy farming practices were measured by using the available scales. The data thus generated was computed and analysed by various statistical methods for better interpretation of the result. The study depicted that higher Knowledge in IAHP, AI, Deworming, Vaccination, Feeding of Green Fodder and Concentrate feed were positively associated with increase occupational standard, caste, farm power, economic motivation, information sources utilization, urban contact, attitude in dairy farming and income generation for SHG dairy farmers. The study finally suggested that the overall knowledge gain of SHG farmers in IAHP is quite better than that of Non-SHG farmers due to their efficient training orientation, raised literacy level, Market orientation and Farm Power etc

Keyword: Self Help Group (SHG); Kn

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