Variables in Social Science Research

Loveleen Kaur and Ritu Mittal


In social science research, a study is framed using various variables. Variable is an entity that can take different values across individuals and time. It is a symbol to which numerals or values are assigned. They are the characteristics or conditions that can be observed, manipulated or controlled by the researcher. The variable that really varies provides information to the research situation in detail. It is important to have the understanding of the variables in order to use them properly and to discover relevant and meaningful results from it. It is also helpful to understand and evaluate their application in other studies. Thus the present paper has been prepared for detail ed explanation the concept of variable and their use in social sciences research.

Keyword: Variables; Independent variable; Dependent variable; Social science;

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