Priority Fixation of Livestock Farming in Border Areas of Assam with Bangladesh

Liakot Hussain, K. K. Saharia, M.N. Ray and L. Bora


A study in the Indo Bangladesh Border areas of Assam was carried out with a two phased data collection procedure in order to know the socio-economic standing of the animal husbandry farmers, their preference of livestock farming and strategic planning for animal husbandry after counseling. A pre-tested, reliable and valid interview schedule was used for data collection. Data were collected meeting the respondents personally by the researcher. After proper data analysis, it was found that the respondents were in general of middle aged of about 46 years with middle level of education, having family size of about 5-6 members and preferring service as their primary occupation. Family’s average income was above Rs. one lakh per year and about one sixth was the income from animal husbandry; whereas own income was almost the rests. They reared about 4.4 livestock units (in terms of equivalent cattle units), keeping good care and spending a time of more than three hours a day. their labour engagement pattern, communication and exposure to information sources were moderate but risk orientation and economic motivation were higher. People in general preferred to rear cattle, followed by poultry chicken and duck. After counseling, however, for strategic farming, the respondents preferred broiler farming followed by beef cattle production, dairy cattle production. In spite of being the over dominated religious minority population, a good number of them showed positive inclination towards pig farming. The whole study in totality gave a picture that the people were eager, enthusiastic and energetic to develop in terms of animal husbandry. They also could see that with the development in animal husbandry, many of their problems would be over

Keyword: Priority; Border areas; Socio-economic status

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