Mayank Singh, A.K.Sharma & Archna Singh
The present study was conducted in C D block Chapa in district Allahabad of U.P. to investigate trends of technological gap for selected crops in dryland farming under study. Out of 36 villages in Chapa block, only five villages selected purposively for the study on the basis of the highest percentage area under dryland farm technology. Thirty farmers were selected randomly from each of the five villages in equal preportion from each categories (small, medium and large) of households. Thus a total sample of one hundred fifty respondents was selected for the present study. The study reported that the adoption of recommended varieties of wheat were found to the level of 41.33 per cent of the total sample farmers followed by Paddy, Gram and Arhar. The percentage area under recommended varieties of crops was found more in holding of small farmers to medium and large farmers in almost all the crops except wheat. In case of proper seed rate, there was higher percentage gap found in Paddy and Wheat crops. Regarding adoption of land improvement and water harvesting practices in dryland condition the study reported that Land shaping and land leveling was adopted by 61.33 farmers while contour bunding was adopted by 59.33 per cent farmers of the study area. Only 1.33 per cent farmers adopted water harvesting. Further, it was found that lack of knowledge was most important reasons for non adoption of land improvement and water harvesting practices followed by non practicable, lack of guidance, high cost and lack of credit which were also another important reasons for above scenario.
Keyword: Technological gap, Dryland farming, Water harvesting