Type : Other Article

Sustainable Improvement in Pulses Productivity in Hamirpur District of Uttar Pradesh : An Approach of Farmer Participatory Va

S K Singh, Shantanu Kumar, A.K Singh and Uma Sah


A study was conducted among 300 farmers of the three villages namely Amirta, Kalauli Tir and Helapur in Hamirpur district of Uttar Pradesh where a project on farmer participatory improvement of grain legumes in rainfed Asia (IFAD TAG-532, ICRISAT) was implemented during October 2002 to June 2006. Out of 300, there were 75, 42, 125 and 58 farmers who actively participated in the on-farm varietal selection trials (OFVST) for pigeonpea, urdbean, chickpea and lentil, respectively. Four pattern analysis viz., space, time line, flow and decision making were done by using PRA tools to identify agro-ecological situations and major farming situations. It was revealed that three predominant situations namely: mono-cropped, rainfed clay and clay loam soil where lentil, chickpea, linseed were the major crops grown as mixed or intercrop; double-cropped partial irrigated clay loam soil where urdbean, sesamum, chickpea, lentil, linseed, wheat, mustard were main crops and mono-cropped rainfed loam and sandy loam soil with mild slope wherein pigeonpea + sorghum is grown as mixed or intercrop prevailed in the selected villages. The findings of the above study helped to choose JG 315 and DCP 92-3 as the most suitable chickpea varieties appropriate for clay (Mar) and clay loam (Kabar) soils-rainfed mono-cropping situation and clay loam (Kabar) and loam (Parwa) soils-double cropping situations, respectively. Similarly, DPL 62 was found suitable variety of lentil under rainfed mono-cropping situation. Inclusion of short duration YMV free variety of urdbean (IPU 94-1) was found to shift 20 percent moncropped area into double cropped area in the villages. The concept of pulse seed village which was initiated in the project is a success story

Keyword: On-farm varietal selection

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