Suman Prasad Maurya & Ravi Prasad Maurya
The present study was undertaken to assess the health status of pre-school children of farmwomen and understand health care practices for them in the Kharwar tribe of Bihar. The hundred families, having at least one pre-school child with parents alive and living together were selected. A total of 139 pre-school (3-6 years) children were studied with the help of structured interview schedule, health schedule and anthropometrics measurements and clinical signs and symptoms observed. The study reported that Majority of children was found to suffer from Grade II malnutrition based on weight-for-age. Older children (by age) seemed to have better nourishment than the younger pre-school. It was found that anthropometrics measurements like height, weight and mid-upper-arm and chest circumference were highly positive correlated to each other implying that unit change in one might positively change other anthropometrics measurements and that it increased with age of the unit children. Kharwar parents used home treatment (in only 40% of the total 201 incidences of sicknesses), folk treatment (in 8 cases of either fever, boil or convulsions) and modern treatment (in all cases of sicknesses except 29 incidences).The positive correlation between vaccination status and farm type showed that the children of non-farm women had significantly better vaccination status than children of farm women.
Keyword: Health care practices, Pre-school children, Malnutrition, Anthropometrics measurements