Ethics are extremely important for setting boundaries in research to determine what science can and cannot do, and the difference between right and wrong. Research is the key to progress in science. However, the steps taken during research must be carefully considered for its ethical methodologies and also implications. Ethics in social research are a set of principles or guidelines that will assist the researcher in planning research decisions. This paper is prepared by the reviw method from widely available literature and guidance documents published by funding bodies, researchers, learned societies and professional organisations. This paper is designed to give practical advice on integrating ethics into the planned research by providing, wherever possible, checklists for points at which a pause is needed to reflect and plan the action to be taken. While this paper focuses on more formal aspects of research ethics compliance associated with social science research, it also draws attention to ethics in research practice and day-to-day research work, and identifies ways to integrate ethical conduct in the research. Hence, it highlights the two ethical dimensions of social science. These are the board principles of ethics and guiding principles of ethics use in social science. This paper is aim to proving ethical principles to the researchers so the they can able to focus their research for the good of mankind and for expanding the frontiers of scientific knowledge, while enjoying the freedom of thought and expression, and the freedom to identify methods by which problems are solved, according to recognized ethical principles and practices. Indeed, perhaps more than any other professionals, academic researchers enjoy great freedom to explore their professional interests, investigate a wide range of phenomena and set their own research agenda.
Keyword: Ethics; Social science; Research; Ethical characteristics