P. Saikia, A. Rahman, N. Bordoloi and S. Barman
Flood is major problem of Assam which affects almost its all districts and annually 39.58 % area is damaged by flood. As the winter rice is major crop of state covering area 18.91 lakh hectare (Economic Survey of Assam, 2017-18) and contributing 3767 tonnes (Economic Survey of Assam, 2017-18) in production of rice of the state. In flood affected areas of Assam winter rice is mostly affected and finally huge loss of production takes place. In order to cope up the losses, the state government has put tremendous effort to expansion area under summer rice as climate resilient technologies specifically in flood affected areas. The present study was conducted in Biswanath chariali district to examine the problems of farmers in adoption of boro rice cultivation practices as climate resilient technologies in flood affected areas of Assam. All total 120 farmers were selected randomly from flood affected areas as respondents. The study revealed that extent of adoption of recommended cultivation practices of boro paddy was found below 35% for majority of the respondents. “Lack of timely information related to climate resilient technologies” (WMS=2.50) and “poor implementation of IPM technologies” (WMS=2.50) were the major problem related to technologies in adoption of boro rice cultivation practices. The major extension related problem “Poor and irregular extension service” (WMS=2.61) were reported by majority of farmers while poor market facility (WMS=2.5) and poor transport facility (WMS=2.43) were infrastructure related problem. Higher investment cost on farm machinery and land development (WMS=2.48) and poor government financial assistance (WMS=2.44) were the economic problems associated with non adoption of climate resilient technologies. To cope up with this situation Government should have definite extension policy to promote boro rice cultivation in flood affected areas is an urgent need, ICT based extension approach should be popularized in that areas for reducing the information gap. Government subsidized farm machineries and implement should make available at their localities besides establishment of custom hiring centre in community level may also help to solve the problems of farm mechanization. Simplification of procedure for availing KCC will help farmers to get financial assistance from the financial institutions.
Keyword: Adoption; Boro Paddy;