K. K. Saharia, M. Johari and J. Talukdar
A study on occupational preference and realization of difficulties by the displaced tribal farm women in hill<br />districts of Assam in rearing livestock was carried out with stratified randomly selected one hundred each<br />respondents from two districts namely Dima Hasao and Karbi Anglong making the total sample size 200. A pretested,<br />reliable and valid interview schedule encompassing preference for occupation and a check list containing<br />seventeen items were used for data collection. Among the displaced tribal farm women, preference of occupation<br />from higher to lower as primary source of livelihood was agriculture, followed by animal husbandry, business,<br />weaving and craft making where service did not feature. The realization of difficulties by the respondents was in<br />low level and there was no significant mean difference between the two districts. No time for weaving and craft<br />making, needing to put more labour, lack of open grazing field for livestock, education of children suffering and<br />no recreation against tedious labour were the major problems the displaced tribal farm women faced due to<br />rearing of livestock. The realization of difficulties was positively and high significantly (P<0.01) correlated with<br />occupation (0.41**) when the displaced tribal farm women had livestock.
Keyword: Displaced; Tribal; Farm women; Occupation; Difficulties; Livestock