Ereneus K. Marbaniang , Jitendra K. Chauhan and M. Victoria Devi
The study was conducted purposively in Meghalaya, the state with 86.14 per cent of tribal population dominated by the Khasi, Jaintia and Garo communities. It was conducted in the year 2020-21 in three districts of the state, selecting two blocks each with the total respondents of 120 Village Councillors from 30 villages respectively, among the major tribes of Khasi, Jaintia and Garo communities. With the objective to study the knowledge level of the village councillors and their problems faced by them in implementing Integrated Child Development Services ICDS programme in Meghalaya. Results indicated that majority of the village councillors (51.67%) belonged to the medium knowledge level, followed by high knowledge level (25.83%) and low knowledge level (22.50%), respectively. Knowledge index of the village councillors implementing ICDS was found to be 75.29 per cent. About 75.00 per cent of the respondents had knowledge that Anganwadi worker and helper are selected by the Selection Committee of the Department followed by prevention of immunization from six vaccine preventable diseases, tetanus, tuberculosis and measles for pregnant women and infants protects children (73.33%), the actual immunization is given by the Auxiliary Nurse Midwife (71.66%), respectively. While only 43.33 per cent knew that Scheme for Adolescent Girls (SAG) is meant only for school drop-out aged 11-14 years old, and only 31.66 per cent had awareness that ICDS is implemented by Department of Social Welfare. Major implementation problems faced by the ICDS councilors were less honorarium paid to the AWWs (85.83%), non-preference of the food items (80.00%), lack of infrastructure facilities at the centre (75.00%), respectively.
Keyword: Meghalaya, Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs); Village councillors; Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS).