Impact of NWDPRA on Crop Productivity among Tribals of Chhattisgarh

R.S. Sengar, B.B. Singh, Neelam Bhardwaj and A.K. Singh


Survival of coming generation will depend o n farmer’s ability to increase food production from rainfed agriculture. In the present situation, particularly in Indian context, it is most essential to enhance the productivity of crops due to upward trend in population pressure and this problem can only be tackled if proper management of rainfed agriculture is assured. Watershed management is one of such programme, through which the production target can be achieved. Looking to problems of rainfed areas, a multidisciplinary watershed development approach was started in the country. Chhattisgarh state is also a recipient of watershed programme (NWDPRA) with 175 watersheds covering 18.5 million ha area. The study was carried out in the purposively selected Bastar district of Chhattisgarh. Out of 14 blocks, 5 blocks along with 15 villages were randomly selected for the study. A total member of 300 respondents were selected (200 beneficiaries and 100 non beneficiaries) in terms 2:1 ratio for comparison of both the categories of respondents. The study reveals that average annual income of beneficiaries was found higher than non-beneficiaries and also in case of cropping intensity, the significant difference was recorded among both the categories of respondents. Further, in case of productivity level of different crops, slightly increasing trend was found among beneficiaries as compared to non-beneficiaries due to use of HYV, and agronomical practices, etc

Keyword: Watershed management; Cro

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