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Higher Adaptability and Economic Return from Pigs Overshadows Social Taboos

R. Prasad, A.K. Singh and Lakhan Singh

Abstract

Pig farming has a significant place in improving the socio-economic status of weaker sections of the society. But the majority of pigs reared in rural areas are poor productive and non-descript (local). Keeping in view, Ministry of Agriculture, New Delhi sanctioned a project on ‘Intensive Pig Production’ to KVKs for popularizing the Large White Yorkshire (LWY) breed at farmer’s field during 2000. KVKs produced 1041 piglets of LWY breed and provided to 170 interested farmers @ 1:4/5 to establish the piggery units. This programme has significantly improved the productivity level (e.g. age of puberty 235±5.85 days, body weight at puberty 75.0±1.70 kg, age at first farrowing 401.33±2.50 days, litter size 8.33±0.35 and birth weights of piglet 0.97±0.05 kg) and their herd quality in economic terms (body weight at 12 month for slaughter 80.0±1.75 kg and net profit Rs 1461 /head/year). Comparatively LWY breed took 28.7% less time and gained 50% higher body weight during sexual maturity as compared to the local breed. Number of piglet produced per farrowing was 41.9% higher in LWY than local. The net profit per pig was also 79.0% higher in LWY than local. The, pig farming is still less constrained with social taboos, costly ration, high piglet mortality and lack of good marketing facilities. However, numbers of entrepreneurs are coming forward who need support to venture into this sector. The establishment of processing units for surplus pork may also be a positive step

Keyword: LWY; Productivity; Economic

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