Gender Role in Decision Making on Paddy Cultivation Activities

Kavyashree C , Basavaraj Beerannavar , Sagar S. Pujar and D.V. Kusumalatha


The International development community has considered Agriculture is the only profession that acts as an engine for growth and poverty reduction in countries like India, dependent on agriculture. Women’s roles are always suppressed when contrast to men. The word farmers remind men in mind but not women. Many paddy cultivation activities involving women in the majority, which are usually considered economically active, are not defined as “economically active employment” in national accounts (FAO, 2011). Still, they are essential for the well-being of rural households. The majority of farm men are medium (60.00%) to high (23.33%) level decision-makers. Majority of farm women belong to medium (50.00%) to low (28.33%) level decision-making category. Farm men are alone involved in decision making in most of the paddy cultivation activities such as seed rate and seed treatment (90.00%), water management (90.00%), nutrient management (88.33%), nursery preparation (83.34%), transplanting method (81.67%) and disease/ pest management (78.33%). In contrast, women alone take decisions in few activities like value addition (40.00%), employing labourers (11.67%), weed management (11.67%), and selection of varieties (8.34%). Variables like age and farming experience are positive and significant with the decision-making pattern of farm women.

Keyword: Decision making; Gender role; Paddy cultivation; Farm men and Farm women;

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