Akila Natarajan and N. Bharathi
Farmers â€™ field school (FFS) is a season long training programme to impart training to the farmers generally for three months or till the results achieved. FFSs on livestock farming in Karur district under National Livestock Mission was conducted with the objective of diffuse field oriented technologies that result successful and profitable farming. Six Farmer Field Schools on dairy farming, sheep & goat farming, poultry farming, fodder cultivation, value addition in milk and farm waste utilization were selected, three schools on need basis in each block was conducted and totally 24 programmes in eight blocks were conducted in one year (2015 â€“ 16). In each block, the Selection of 25 interested farmers / School and totally 75 farmers / block were selected based on the livestock species owned and the scope for processing and marketing. So in total for eight blocks 600 farmers and farm women were selected to conduct 24 Farmers Field School. Pre evaluation of trainees was conducted by preliminary survey, Blood, dung, urine and water samples analysis. To overcome the major constraints viz., disease outbreak, disorders in livestock and poultry, low milk yield/body weight, high cost of feed and fodder, delayed calving interval and kid mortality ranked by the farmers, suitable package of practices were imparted to the trainees at their field and the results are indicated that the overall adoption behaviour of the farmers showed that majority of them were partial adopters (61.29%) followed by high adopters (22%) and low adopters (16.71%).
Keyword: National livestock mission; FFS; Livestock farming; Adoption