Type : Other Article
Swapnali Goswami, Sundar Barman, Afsana Rahman, Vijay S. and Jitendra Kumar Chauhan
The study was carried out in flood-affected areas of Marigaon districts of Assam to explore predictive factors of the adoption of a maize-based cropping system. The findings reveal that out of four maize-based cropping systems, “Maize-Maize/Mustard-Vegetable” was the most prominent cropping system followed by the majority of respondents (48.33%) in flood-affected areas followed by “Rice/Maize-Maize/Mustard-Vegetable” (22.50%). The major share of the area for four different cropping systems was occupied by maize crops ranging from 68.75 to 75.38 per cent. The adoption level of recommended cultivation practices of maize-based cropping system was found moderate level for majority of farmers (63%) followed by low level of adoption (20%). The socio-economic factors of respondents such as Operational land holding, maize covered area, cropping intensity, resource status, economic motivation, degree of innovativeness, risk orientation, perceived effectiveness and income had significant and positive relationships but age, farming experience and flood proneness had significant and negative relationship with their adoption of maize-based cropping system in flood affected areas. These factors will influence in explaining of 85 per cent of the variation of adoption (Adjusted R2 = .858). The extension agencies should keep these in consideration of these factors for planning and implementation agencies should target young farmers with less experience in farming for the maize cultivation programme.
Keyword: Maize-based cropping system; Adoption; Flood-affected areas.