N.K. Sharma, S.L. Garg, Devi Singh Rajput and Pankaj Mishra
Ethno veterinary medicine (EVM) covers people’s knowledge, skills, methods, practices and belief about the care of their animal. People have easy access to modern veterinary facilities but still traditional remedies and traditional healers are their first choice. Ethno veterinary users (animal owners) and ethno veterinary practitioners have a strong perception over the effectiveness of these remedies. Moreover, they reported that allopathic treatment is expensive and sometimes associated with side effects. The present study was conducted in Bikaner and Jodhpur districts of Rajasthan in order to document the ethno veterinary practices followed by livestock owners. A total of 120 livestock owners were selected as respondent from 12 selected villages of 4 tehsils of the districts. Inventories of 11 ethno veterinary practices were documented for treatment of repeat breeding. The results revealed that using ajwain (Trachyspermum ammi) with water was found most frequently using practices for treatment of repeat breeding having highest ethno veterinary Medicine Use Index 82 and ranked first. Inventories of 6 ethno veterinary practices were documented for treatment of anoestrus. The results indicated that using bajra (Penisetum typhoidis) with water was found most frequently used practice for treatment of anoestrus having highest Ethnoveterinary Medicine Use Index 123 and ranked first.
Keyword: Ethno veterinary; Inventory; Anoestrus; Repeat breeding; Veterinary practitioners;