Type : Other Article

Contemporary Policy for Agriculture Extension Education in India: Inclusion of Demography in Agriculture Education

Sarda Prasad


World is experiencing demographic changes due to various factors. These factors are vital events, socio-economic, political and environmental phenomenon. Demographic changes in any geographic region are influencing agriculture and cropping pattern directly and indirectly. Food production and its supply directly linked with demographic pattern. Keep in mind that Indian demographic patterns have changed and are changing gradually, in this case agriculture professional, students and farmers should be aware about the demographic changes happening in the locality and whole India as well. Hence demography or population studies should be included into agriculture education system (syllabus) that is the main aim of this paper. Two specific objectives of this paperto know the population trend of India; and to link demography with agriculture discipline to introduce new discipline as agriculture demography. Census of India and NSSO are the major source of data to analyse demographic trends. This paper recommends that agriculture student should be taught demography as discipline. Agriculture University, research centre, KVK should have one professional demographer for sustainable agriculture and rural development. Agriculture and demography is not mutually exclusive in the race of agriculture and rural development. Extension Education and Home Science have compatibility with demography in terms of teaching, research and extension. Thus, “Agriculture Demographyâ€ in agriculture education and research system is the demand of time.

Keyword: Demography; Vital events; Education; Migration; Urbanization; Labour market; Gender in mainstreaming; socio-economic; Sustainable development

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