Type : Other Article
Kohima Noopur, Jitendra Kumar Chauhan, S.S. Walia, M.R. Verma, Ursheen Dhar, Sneha Chaudhary and Sachin S. Chikkeri
Vegetables are considered as protective food due to presence of nutrients, nutraceuticals, and antioxidant. India is second largest producer of vegetable in world after China. Vegetable production is the major driver of sustainable agriculture. Although, India has produced more than its requirement but at household level, still there is nutritional deficiency. There is wide gap exist between the farm yield and potential yield. There are a number of constraints which discourage the vegetable growers. The adoption the improved varieties and technologies might increase the production and productivity but there are constraints being faced by the farmers. Lack of knowledge about improved varieties and techniques of vegetable production have been ranked first. The stray cattle, monkey and wild animals are also discouraging vegetable grower’s especially male youth. Most of the farms are fragmented and posing problem in vegetable production at household level. The distant market, non-availability of storage facility, low price of produce during cropping season and high transportation cost discouraging farmers for adoption of new technologies and consequently reduce the yield and income. The irrigation facilities are also affecting the vegetable cultivation. The farmers are of the opinion that chemical cost is very high; besides few of the market chemicals are spurious. Generally the vegetables are sensitive to climate change. A little change in temperature and soil moisture might alter physiological and biochemical process in plant and reduces the yield. Varieties and non monetary inputs affect the production and productivity of vegetables. Empowerment of farmers including farm women will create awareness and market information to increase yield and income of vegetable growers even at household level.
Keyword: Vegetables, Production constraints, Household, and Technology adoption