N.M.Kale, P.P.Wankhade and D.M.Mankar
The present study entitled “Constraints in adoption of land care techniques for saline-sodic soils of Purna Valley in Vidarbha Region of Maharashtra” was carried out as Research Review Committee Project for the 2010-2011 in salt affected tract of Akola, Buldana and Amravati districts of Vidarbha. An exploratory design of social research was used. The total 120 farmers were selected by random sampling method, it covers 12 villages and 06 Tahsils of three districts of Purna Valley. The data were collected through structured and unstructured interview schedule by personal interview. The salient findings revealed that from all age and land holding groups respondents were interviewed, near bout 50.00 per cent farmers educated upto high school level. Cent per cent farmers having very deep type of land and majority (76.67%) of the farmers not having any source to access the irrigation. Out of the 120 farmers only 4 (3.33%) farmers has done the soil testing. Cent per cent of the farmers have low level of extension contacts. Cropping intensity during 2010-2011 was comes to 121.00 per cent. Cropping pattern was dominated by cotton, green gram, sorghum, soybean, red gram and gram crops. In all 11 land care techniques for saline-sodic soils of Purna Valley has been studied the results revealed that majority (70.00%) of the farmers have medium level of knowledge with low level of adoption (79.07%) regarding all selected land care techniques for Purna Valley. Major constraints faced by the farmers were unavailability of gypsum, unavailability of soil testing lab at near by places and lack of knowledge about the importance of micronutrients in study area and majority of the farmers suggested that government should provide Gypsum on 100.00 per cent subsidy in salt affected tract of Purna Valley. In view of low adoption of various land care techniques by the farmers in Purna Valley this study implied that it is necessary to diagnose the problem in soils based on soil testing and adopt proper land care techniques like fertilizers, amendments, green manures and soil and water conservation practices by the farmers for maintaining soil health in Purna Valley. The government should enhance the Gypsum availability to the farmers and create more soil testing facilities in Purna Valley.
Keyword: Constraints, Adoption, land care techniques, Saline-sodic soils, Puna valley