Assessment Of Quality of Life of the Fishing Settlements in Ibaka and James Town Communities in Nigeria

Augustine J. Udoh


A study was conducted to assess the quality of life of the fishing settlements in Ibaka and James Town Communities of Akwa Ibom State in Nigeria. The fishing settlements were subdivided into three zones with a population of 16,981 per zone. Fourty Six settlements were randomly selected from a total of 138. Finally, 87 heads of households were randomly selected from the first two zones and 86 from the third zone making a sample population of 260. Both primary and secondary sources were used for collection of data. Over 60 percent of the respondents depended mainly on fishing while 38.5 percent were engaged in fishing, sales of fuel wood, boat making and engine repairs. A significant proportion of the household heads (55.3%) lived in thatched roof with mud walls while 25.6 percent lived in thatched roof with thatched walls. The study reveals that the only sources of drinkable water in the study area are rain water, which is seasonal and streams, which are polluted. Lack of electricity in the area affect acquisition of luxury goods. However, study shows that there is a significant difference between the infrastructural facilities available in the settlement within the past 20 years and now. A regression analysis shows an insignificant relationship between the socio-economic characteristics and quality of life in the fishing settlements. The study suggests building blocks to adopt in improving the quality of life in the settlements

Keyword: Quality of life ; Fishing

Full Text