Type : Other Article
Pallabi Bora, Prashant Mishra, Utpal Braman and Pallabi Das
Livestock has traditionally been an integral part of the tribal farming community of Assam and pig rearing is a common practice in every tribal household where both men and women are equally a part of it. Although women have notable contributions in all the critical pig rearing activities, yet they are not being properly acknowledged. The present study was conducted in four tribal dominated districts of Assam with an objective to analyze the gender’s degree of participation in pig farming. Through multi-stage random sampling technique, a total of 320 respondents including an equal number of men and women farmers were selected The participation of the respondents in pig farming activities was studied in seven domains i.e activities related to housing, feeding, breed selection, health care, pregnant sow and piglets care, boar care and general care and management practices. The data were analyzed using appropriate statistical techniques and the findings indicated that above fifty five percent of the women farmers had medium participation followed by high (24.38%) and (20.00%) low extent of participation. A medium participation (58.12%) was observed in men farmers followed by high (21.88%) and low (20.00%) extent of participation. It was also observed that among the seven pig rearing practices, fi ve activities showed significant differences between women and men i.e., housing, feeding, breed selection, care to pregnant sow and general care practices of pig rearing while in case of other two activities, it showed that there were no significant differences between women and men in pig rearing practices.
Keyword: Pig rearing; Tribal; Gender; Participation. Assam.