R.P.Dwivedi, Jitendra Chauhan & R. K. Tewari
Introduction of trees in croplands is referred to as agroforestry and fruit trees in croplands is referred to as agrihorticultural land use system of Agroforestry. In order to test field applicability of agrihorti land use system on farmer’s field, a farmer’s field at village & post Karari, Jhansi, located 12 km away from Jhansi city was selected. Farmer planted Aonla, Ber, Guava, and Pomegranate on his field. As much, fourty plants of each fruit crop were planted in year 1993-94 in an area of 2.5 acre. Observations on impact of agroforestry land use and agri-horticulture system of agroforestry as source of rural empowerment have recorded and presented in the present study. In the year 2003-04, on an average yield of groundnut and wheat was 1.10 and 2.41 tonnes/ha. Production obtained from Guava and Aonla was 748 and 415 kg/ha. The annual net income obtained by the farmer was Rs.12,695/ha. While prior to the adoption of agroforestry technologies, the farmer used to get net income of Rs. 3,475/ha. After ten years of adoption of agrihorticulture technology, farmer started obtaining fuel wood, fodder, fruit, small timber and food grains from the same piece of the land, while before 1993-94, his wife used to walk 4 to 5 kilometer in the search of fuel wood collection. His standard of living increased considerably. He got better food and clothing, constructed a pucca house and well, cemented irrigation channels and purchased a moped bike. Recovered himself from the loans took from Bank, and from village landlord. Full time employment was provided to farmer and his wife. Aonla based agrihorti system is highly profitable and sustainable as aonla is a regular bearer and exerts comparatively less affect on associated crops.
Keyword: Agroforestry, Land use, Empowerment, Household