Agri-Inputs Consumption Patterns, Access, and Delivery Mechanism in India

Soam Sudhir Kumar, Yashavanth BS , Raghupathi Balasani , Ajit Kumar Savani , Rakesh S , and Kausik Pradhan


The Government of India initiated several programs for supplying timely inputs to the farmers with special subsidies on regular inputs such as seed material, fertilizers, irrigation, animal purchase etc. Studying the agri-inputs available and their supplying mechanisms in India provides lucidity on the status of farmers and the number of farmers who benefited from different services provided by GOI. A survey questionnaire was developed to collect data from the 14 states with a sample size of 409. The survey revealed that most farmers felt sufficiency in quality seed, followed by agrochemicals and chemical fertilizers. Among all the assets, farmers spend more money on purchasing animal feed (INR 46047.05) followed by planting material- saplings (INR 34445.07) and adult draught animals (INR 31805.07). A maximum of respondents specified that storage facility for grains, electricity and storage facility for by products was sufficiently available. More money is spent on purchasing the recurrent associated input, i.e. irrigation sprinkler/ drip followed by irrigation well. Maximum no. of farmers has availability of Common Property Resources (CPRs). About 269 farmers availed of credit facilities; among them, 103 farmers took a credit of >10,000- 50,000, which was majorly used for input purchase (240 farmers responded). About 132 farmers said they receive subsidies material from the local shop owners, followed by neighbour farmers, government departments and private companies. Very few are using/ visiting Agricultural Universities, KVKs, cooperatives, NGOs, Agri-clinics, producers' associations and village panchayat for seed purposes. In the case of the credit suppliers, farmers listed public sector banks first, followed by cooperative society credit cards and a money lender. Farmers with medium-category land holding have more chance of availing subsidy when compared to small-category farmers. The output of this study would become a benchmark for the future assessments and decision-making in the field of agri-inputs.

Keyword: Recurrent assets; Credit; Subsidy; Input suppliers; Farmer respondent

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