S.K. Singh, Jitendra Chauhan, G. Singh and Rashmi Singh
Since ancient times, various parts of the neem tree are used in various agricultural, animal husbandry, health, medical, cosmetics and other fields. Neem tree is considered as invaluable and found in almost all parts of the country, every roadside, every field and nearly every house. Flowering on the neem tree occurs between phalgun to Baisakh (February to April) and it fruits comes nearly June to July. Several organic compounds are found in the neem tree viz., Azadirachtin, Maliantriol, Nimbin, Nimbidin etc. Neem has miraculous powers and may be used as insecticidal, larvicidal, antimalarial, antifeedant, antifungal, antitubercular, antiviral, antiallergic, antidermatic, antigingvitic, anti-inflammatory, anti-periodontitic, antipyrrhoeic, anti-seborrhoeic, antifuruncular, bactericide, nematicidal, piscicidal, amoebicidal, diuretic, spermicidal (contraceptive) etc. But, the application of neem as a biopesticide to prevent infestation of crops by pests is quite recent. This study reveals the adoption pattern of various neem based biopesticide preparations among farmers of Agra district of Uttar Pradesh.
Keyword: Neem; Biopesticide; Agriculture