Authors' Guidelines


All the authors are requested to follow the following instructions in preparation of research article for publication in Indian Research Journal of Extension Education (IRJEE).


The Indian Research Journal of Extension Education (IRJEE) is the official refereed publication of the Society for Extension Education Agra (SEE). The journal is published in both print and online versions. [Print ISSN: 0972-2181; Online ISSN: 0976-1071]. It is a multidisciplinary journal that publishes scientific articles concerned with all aspects of extension science in general and agriculture as well as allied extension education in particular to enhance the research acumen and knowledge base of extension science for upliftment of rural society on multidimensional perspectives. The journal is peer reviewed and committed to timely publication of original research and reviewed articles. The journal is designed mainly to serve researchers, dealing with extension research. For publication in the IRJEE, the article must pass the IRJEE's double blind, refereed process, where peer reviewers evaluate manuscript content and ensure readability. Reviewers are selected from the SEE membership and extended family of researchers. In the double-blind referee process, all references to authors are removed before the manuscript is sent to reviewers. Articles should relate to current or emerging issues, cite appropriate literature, and develop implications for different dimensions of extension science. Articles can be focused in one of three contexts – Empirical Research, Methodological or Theoretical/Conceptual. Manuscripts, or portions of manuscripts, must not have been published or be under consideration for publication by another journal. The journal is published regularly since 2001, with distribution to libraries of universities, research centres, researchers in extension science, agriculture science and other allied sciences.


All the authors are requested to follow the following instructions in preparation of research article for publication in Indian Research Journal of Extension Education

    1. Research investigations made must focus on relevant and important issues/ projects/ programme impacting rural or farm sector.
    2. Research based studies conducted with appropriate empirical tests will only be considered.
    3. Research conducted during last five years will only find place in the journal.
    4. Accuracy, Brevity and Clarity are essential in the form of style, punctuation, and spellings, use of italics, numerical data and calculations etc.
    5. Each table should have a heading stating its number and contents clearly and concisely.
    6. Only original research papers will be accepted for publication in the journal. Same paper should not be published elsewhere (attached certificate).


Submission of a manuscript infers that the work described has not been published earlier (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, or thesis), and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. The publications by Indian Research Journal of Extension Education are freely available to copy, distribute, transmit and adapt, provide the original work and source is appropriately cited.


Indian Research Journal of Extension Education has devised a specific plagiarism policy as per University Grants Commission (UGC), New Delhi, India criteria to promote honest work in academics. As per plagiarism policy, 15% plagiarism is admissible in any submission to the journal. It is more convenient to submit Urkund report while submitting paper to the journal.


Indian Research Journal of Extension Education is an Open Access, self-supporting journal and do not receive any funding from any institution/government. The operation of the journal is only financed by the handling fees received from authors, members and institutional members of the Society of Extension Education, Agra. The handling fees are required to meet the maintenance of the journal. All articles published by the journal are freely accessible over the internet. There are no submission charges however; authors are required to pay the Society of Extension Education Agra membership fee for publishing their articles. All the authors must be the member of the Society. Authors are required to make payment only after their manuscript has been accepted for publication.


Indian Research Journal of Extension Education ensures that all articles published in the journal have undergone rigorous peer review, based on initial screening by the editorial committee and, if found suitable for further consideration, double-blind refereeing by at least two referees who are active in the academic community. The purpose of the refereeing process is to ensure that articles provide relevant and accurate material for those who do and use research, including researchers, academics, agricultural education and extension managers, trainers and experts, communication professionals, human resources specialists, and policy makers.


Papers should be subdivided into sections. There should be a Title including addresses & e-mails of the authors, Abstract with key words, Introduction, Objectives, Methodology, Results & Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgements if any and only cited references. The detailed information is as follows:


The title of the paper/article must reflect the contents described in the text of that article/paper. It should be short, specific and informative including Latin names in italics.


The name(s) of author(s) along with designation should be clearly typed in title case letters. Give the Email ID and mobile no. of the corresponding author.

Institution and address

This matter will come below the name(s) of author(s). Name of the Department, followed by the name of the Institution/Organization, e-mail, mobile no., where the work reported in the paper was carried out shall come below the name(s) of author(s).


The paragraph should start with word Abstract (in capital bold font). The abstract should comprise brief and factual summary or salient point of the contents and the conclusions of the investigation reported in the paper and should refer to any new information therein. As the abstract is an independent entity. It should be able to convey the message of the paper in a concise manner, should not exceed 250 words in length. Everything that is important in the paper must be reflected in the abstract. It should provide to the reader very briefly the rationale, objectives or hypothesis, methodology, results and conclusions of the study described in the paper. Do not include reference, figure or table citation. It must be remembered that the abstracting journals place a great emphasis on the abstract in the selection of paper for abstracting.

Key words

Key words indicate the most important materials, operations, or ideas covered in the paper. The abstract should be followed by key words restricted to four to six reflecting the focus area of the research paper.


This section is meant to introduce the subject of the paper. Introduction must include: (a) a brief statement of the problem, justifying the need for doing the work or the hypothesis on which the work is based, (b) the finding of others that will be further developed or challenged, and (c) an explanation of the approach to be followed and the objectives of the research described in the paper. Flow of information should be maintained to enhance the readability.


This part of the text should include relevant details on the nature of study, experimental design, the techniques employed, sampling and the statistical methods with citation of reference. The locale of the study respondents used in the research/study should be identified clearly. Specify the period during which the study was conducted. Any new technique developed and followed should be described in fare detail. References for the method used in the study should be cited. Enough details should be provided in this section to allow a competent scientist to repeat the study /experiments, or in actuality.

Results and discussion

This section should discuss the salient points of the study and critical interpretation should be in past tense. This should not be descriptive and mere recital of the data presented in the tables. Unnecessary details must be avoided but at the same time significant findings and special features should be highlighted. For systematic discussion, this section may be divided into sub-sections. Relate the results; give particular attention to the problem, question or hypothesis presented in the introduction. Explain the principles, relationships, and generalization that can be supported by the result. Point out any exceptions. Explain how the result relates to previous findings, support, contradict or simply add as data. Use the discussion section to focus on the meaning of the findings rather than recapitulating them. The discussion should clearly indicate the interpretation of the results obtained, inference drawn by the researchers and its implications for the others in similar areas. When results differ from previous results, possible explanation should be given. Controversial issues should be discussed clearly. References to published work should be cited in the text by name(s) of author(s) as follows: Pradhan and Yadav (2005) have reported or shown or it has been reported (Pradhan and Yadav, 2005). If there are more than two authors, this should be indicated by et al. after the surname of the first author, e.g., Chauhan et al. (1999).

Figures and tables

Please ensure the figures and the tables included in the single file are placed next to the relevant text in the manuscript, rather than at the bottom of the file. The corresponding caption should be placed directly below the figure or table. Photo should be in JPEG form.


Conclusion should reflect the main tittle as well as objectives of the paper. Always conclude the paper by clearly crystallization of the results obtained along with their implications in solution of practical problems or contribution to the advancement of the scientific knowledge.


The author(s) may place on record the help, and cooperation, or financial help from any source, person or organization. This should be very brief, and omitted, if not necessary.


The list of references must include all published work referred to in the text. Do not cite anonymous as author; instead cite the name of the institute, publisher, or editor. References should be arranged alphabetically according to the surnames of the individual authors or first authors. Two more references by the same author are to cite chronologically; two or more in the same year by the letters a, b, c, etc. All individually authored paper/ articles precede those in which the individual is the first or joint author. Every reference cited in the paper/article should be included in the list of References. This needs rigorous checking of each reference. Names of authors should not be capitalized. The reference citation should follow the order: author(s), year of publication, title of the paper, name of the periodical, volume and its number; and page number. The list of references should be typed as follows:

Print references


Author(s). Book title. Location: Publishing company, year, pp.


W.K. Chen. Linear Networks and Systems. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1993, pp. 123-35.

Book Chapters

Author(s). Chapter title in Book title, edition, volume. Editors name, Ed. Publishing location: Publishing company, year, pp.


J.E. Bourne. Synthetic structure of industrial plastics, in Plastics, 2nd ed., vol. 3. J. Peters, Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1964, pp.15-67.


Author(s) (Year). Article title. Journal title, vol. (issue) : pp,.


Pevere, G. (1989). Infrared Nation. The International Journal of Infrared Design, 33 (3): 56-99.

Paper presented in seminars/ conference or published in proceedings

Author(s) (year). Article title. Conference proceedings, venue, date, pp.


Kumari, N.; Bara, N.; Jha, B.K.; and Kumar R. (2020). Effect of climate change on agriculture and allied activities in Jharkhand: An inference from farmer perception. Indian Res. J. Ext. Edu., 20 (1) : 77-79

Electronic references


Author. (year). Book title. (edition). [Type of medium]. Vol. (issue). Available: site/path/file [date accessed].


    1. Calmer. (1999). Engineering and Art. (2nd edition). [On-line]. 27(3). Available: /students.html [May 21, 2003].


Author. (year). Article title. Journal title. [Type of medium]. Vol. (issue), pages. Available: site/path/file [date accessed].


Paul, A. (1987). Electrical properties of flying machines. Flying Machines. [On-line]. 38(1), pp. 778-998. Available: www.flyingmachjourn/properties/ [Dec. 1, 2003].

Ragasa, C. and Golan, J. (2012). The role of rural producer organizations for agricultural service provision in fragile states. International Food Policy Research Institute. /p15738coll2/id/ 127327/filename/12 7536.pdf

Word Wide Web

Author(s)*. Title. Internet: complete URL, date updated* [date accessed].
Duncan, M., Engineering Concepts on Ice. Internet:, Oct. 25, 2000 [Nov. 29, 2003].

Dissertations and Theses

Author (year). Title Degree level, University, location,


Singh, S. (2000). Desperate Optimism. M.A. thesis (unpublished), University of Delhi, New Delhi, India.


    1. The views expressed in the paper will solely be of the authors and in no way Society and its office bearers will be responsible for any kind of resemblance or indifference.
    2. The current status of Manuscript will be available on the website of the Society; authors are requested to see the status of their manuscript on the web portal.
    3. The original manuscripts must be submitted on our website web porta.
    4. Papers that do not comply with the above requirements are likely to be rejected at the Editors Screening itself.