COMPENDIUM, IEEC-2023   ( ISBN : 978-81-967860-4-5 )
Theme 2: Recent Trends in Agriculture and Resource Management

Youth’s Behavioural Perspective Towards Farming in Andaman & Nicobar Islands: An Exploratory Study

S.K. Zamir Ahmed

ICAR-CIARI,Port Blair, South Andaman , Andaman & Nicobar Islands-744-105


Aversion to working in agriculture by youth followed by migration from villages due to numerous economic, social, political & environmental reasons are posing serious problem towards the generation next i.e. the future custodians of our farming community. India has rich youth resource to offer to agriculture sector both at national & island level which can be strongly realized for agricultural reform, so that it can keep pace with changing global economy. An exploratory study in 2022-2023, was undertaken to understand the rural youth perception, attitude towards agriculture and to evolve strategies to retain by randomly selecting 99 youths representing 63 villages from 9 tehsils of three districts of Andaman & Nicobar Islands result indicated that majority (54.55%) of youth were between 25-40, with secondary education (65.66%), unemployed and live with parents (34.34%), & participated in other than agriculture activities (29.04%). Professional aspiration was medicine and allied (32.32%), whereas occupational was government job (44.44%), which was mostly influenced by parents (93.94%). Possessed high perception level (68.69%). & favorable attitude towards farming (44.4%), Top pull/push factors influencing migration were pull factor i.e better Education opportunities (90.91%), followed by push factor i.e friends /relatives also migrated to city (65.66%) & pull factor i.e better income (75.75%). Suggestion to overcome migration were availability avenues of entrepreneurial packages/models in the village (97.98%), provision of incentives/reward system for under taking innovative farming and associated venture (93.94%), high speed Internet facilities (92.93%), watershed management/irrigation facilities (92.92%) & better hospital facilities (90.91%) were the main way forward to retain the youth in agriculture.

IEEC-2023 at RARI (SKNAU, Jobner), Jaipur, Rajasthan organised by Society of Extension Education, Agra, India