COMPENDIUM, IEEC-2023   ( ISBN : 978-81-967860-4-5 )
Theme-3: Bio-diversity and Resource Conservation, Livelihood and Food Security towards Sustainable Agri-food Systems

The Synergy of Integrated Farming for Biodiversity and Food Security

Vani Chandran, Subhash Kumar Saurav and Elizabeth Jose

Department of Agricultural Extension Education, College of Agriculture, Padannakkad, Kerala Agricultural University, Kerala, India


Challenges related to climate change, depletion of soil health and environment due to the overuse of chemicals are some of the serious issues of the agricultural system in India. The crop failure owing to unforeseen weather changes affected the livelihood of farmers badly, particularly for those who practices monocropping. In this context, maintaining food security for the growing population and conserving biodiversity are the two key concerns of agriculture system, which necessitates creative and long-lasting solutions. The synergy of integrated farming system promises a potent and sustainable way to improve the food and nutritional security of the farm families and helps to conserve biodiversity. IFS is a holistic agricultural method that synergistically integrates various components, which are complementary to each other. The integration of these components in a unit allows farmers to utilise their land more effectively and sustainably by cultivating diversified crop, maximising resource utilisation and reducing environmental impacts. Since the output obtained from one component is used as an input for other components, better waste management is also possible. The integration of livestock not only meets the food requirement, but also act as a source of organic matters to the soil, boosting its fertility and health. By assuring agricultural diversification and maintaining different components, farmers create robust ecosystems. It aids in the adaptation to fluctuating environmental conditions, ensuring continued food production and improved farmer livelihoods in the face of various challenges. This system is more suited to withstand from shocks, such as disease outbreaks, harsh weather events, by providing sustainable income and food. IFS enables a comprehensive and sustainable strategy to tackle issues like food security and biodiversity preservation. Hence, more effort should be required for the widespread adoption of IFS that safeguards both the environment and human well-being.

IEEC-2023 at RARI (SKNAU, Jobner), Jaipur, Rajasthan organised by Society of Extension Education, Agra, India