Raj Kumar Meena
Post- Graduate Institute of Veterinary Education & Research (PGIVER), Jaipur, Rajasthan
The conservation of animal genetic resources (AnGR) in developing countries is a crucial endeavour with far-reaching implications for sustainable agriculture, food security, and cultural heritage. This abstract provides an overview of the current state of AnGR conservation in developing nations, highlighting challenges, strategies, and the importance of collaborative efforts. Developing countries face multifaceted challenges in preserving AnGR. Urbanization, changing consumption patterns, and global market forces drive the decline of indigenous livestock breeds. Limited resources, inadequate infrastructure, and a lack of awareness compound the issue. In response, developing countries employ diverse strategies to conserve AnGR. In-situ conservation involves maintaining livestock in their native environments, promoting sustainable breeding practices. Ex-situ conservation encompasses gene banks, cryopreservation, and captive breeding programs. Several developing countries demonstrate successful AnGR conservation models. India's National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR) employs databases, cryobanks, and breed characterization to protect indigenous breeds. Ethiopia's community-based breeding programs enhance local breeds' resilience. Brazil's integration of traditional knowledge bolsters conservation efforts and sustainable development. Sustaining AnGR conservation in developing nations requires focused action. The state of conservation of animal genetic resources in developing countries stands at a critical juncture. By addressing challenges through innovative strategies and inclusive collaborations, these nations can secure the genetic diversity essential for resilient agriculture, nutritional security, and cultural heritage preservation. The collective commitment to AnGR conservation will shape a sustainable future for both developing nations and the global community.