C.M. Yadav, P. Kumawat, Anita Yadav and K.C. Nagar
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Bhilwara,
Today's environment, increasing demand for meat in rural and urban areas can help small and part-time farmers earn good profits by trading with the goat and poultry farming. Integrated farming system is a sustainable agricultural system that integrates livestock, crop production, goatry, poultry and other systems that benefit each other. It is based on the concept that ‘there is no waste’ and ‘waste is only a misplaced resource’ which means waste from one component becomes an input for another part of the system. Integrated farming system approach is considered to be the most powerful tool for enhancing profitability of farming systems especially for small and marginal farmers to make them bountiful. Because of less investment and maintenance costs for shed, it can be done in coordination with agriculture crops. The present study was carried out in Mandelgarh block of Bhilwara district in Rajasthan to find out a sustainable and economically viable mixed farming model by integrating different components like crop, goat and poultry on 1.5 acre land holding. A farming system model having 10 goats + 20 poultry birds along with crop cultivation was found the best suitable with a net income of Rs 60260/- year as compared to crop cultivation alone i.e. Rs 21980/ year with a benefit cost ratio of 1: 2.80 and employment generation of 280 days. Integrated farming system help adequate amount of feed was also available for animals. Based on the study it is inferred that integrated farming system with 10 goats along with other components like; poultry is the most significant and beneficial system which can sustainable the income of farmers to improve their nutritional and livelihood security.