COMPENDIUM, IEEC-2023   ( ISBN : 978-81-967860-4-5 )
Theme 1: Emerging experiences on CBOs’ intervention and Sustainable Agri-food Systems

Strengths and Limitations of Community-Based Organisation (CBO) Oriented Extension Strategy

Adhiti Bhanotra

Mumbai Veterinary College, Parel, Mumbai, MAFSU, Maharashtra, INDIA


The Strengths and effectiveness of a Community-Based Organisation (CBO) can be evaluated based on criteria such as sustainability of the development project; enhancement of public delivery system; capacity building of community for collective action; empowerment of marginalised and disadvantaged sections; procedure and method of selecting beneficiaries, or target community; and nature of accountability and transparency. There are some limitations in developing a CBO approach. A village is not socially or economically a homogeneous unit. Every village usually has groups that are politically, socially and economically powerful and therefore dominate decision-making. Inequities in the village may not be redressed just because the programme is managed by a CBO. Indeed, they have been occasionally known to be aggravated because of the presence of CBO. This may happen due to mainly two factors: firstly, participation is a time-consuming process. The better-off people in the village have greater time at their disposal and so will be able to participate more effectively and actively, especially if it suits their interests. Hence it is important to organise meetings at a time convenient for all the members. Secondly, women and lower caste groups may find it difficult to overcome inhibition; or even obstacles and barriers to participate in a public forum of a CBO. Further, replicating the CBOs or scaling up the model of CBO-led programmes may not be an easy task. The success of a particular CBO depends on a number of factors such as the type of village leadership and social cohesion in the village. Thus, scaling up community-based development programmes still remains a major challenge in the field of rural development.

IEEC-2023 at RARI (SKNAU, Jobner), Jaipur, Rajasthan organised by Society of Extension Education, Agra, India