COMPENDIUM, IEEC-2023   ( ISBN : 978-81-967860-4-5 )
Theme 2: Recent Trends in Agriculture and Resource Management

Socio-economic status and constraints faced by camel farmers in semi-arid region of Rajasthan

Santosh Kumar Rao, Navav Singh, Sanjita Sharma, Rajesh Kumar Yadav and Vipin Chandra

Post Graduate Institute of Veterinary Education and Research, Jaipur (Rajasthan)


This study was undertaken to know the socio-economic status of camel farmers and the constraints faced by them in camel rearing in the semi-arid region of Rajasthan. A total of 70 respondents, 35 each from Jaipur and Ajmer districts were randomly selected and interviewed through a questionnaire. The collected data were tabulated and subjected to various statistical methods to draw meaningful inferences. The result shows that the majority of the camel farmer belonged to the middle age group (55.24% and 35%), education up to middle level (42.85%) and illiterate (45.71%), having a major occupation as trade and commerce (42.86%) and agriculture (45.71%) with a small size of families (65.72%) and (60%), land-holding capacity of less than 2 ha. (65.72%) and 2-4 ha. (40%), rearing dog (38.98%) and goat (55.81%) along with camel and the majority are rearing non-descript camel breeds (92.50% and 63%) in Jaipur and Ajmer districts, respectively. The contribution of camels to farmers' economy is 57.14 per cent and 60 per cent and the average net income from the camel is INR 566.66 and 632.50 per day in Jaipur and Ajmer districts, respectively. The various constraints perceived by farmers in camel rearing in Jaipur district are lack of interest in the young generation followed by animal health consistency and shortage of feed, whereas in Ajmer district are the sale of milk followed by shortage of feed and water. The shortage of feed was felt as a major constraint by the camel family of Jaipur and Ajmer districts jointly. This study revealed that there is a need for awareness among camel farmers on good camel husbandry practices and that can be created through training and extension programs.

IEEC-2023 at RARI (SKNAU, Jobner), Jaipur, Rajasthan organised by Society of Extension Education, Agra, India