E K Marbaniang, JK Chauhan and L Devarani
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Nongshillong, Eastern West Khasi Hills, Meghalaya.
Meghalaya state in North East India has a tribal population of 86.14 per cent mainly dominated by the Khasi, Jaintia and Garo communities. These communities since time immemorial have been living their social life under the administration of the Village Council usually headed by the Village Headman. All the government programmes meant for the village are routed through these Village Council. Owing to the importance of the Village Council in rural development, the present study was conducted with the objective to ascertain the role perception of village councillors and scheme beneficiaries towards implementation of MGNREGA programme in Meghalaya. The study was conducted purposively in the three districts of Meghalaya namely East Khasi Hills, West Jaintia Hills and West Garo Hills. From each district, two progressive C&RD blocks were selected randomly with five villages from each block. Thus, a total of thirty villages from three districts were selected with 180 total respondents comprising 120 Village Councillors and 60 scheme beneficiaries, respectively. From the study, it was found that majority of the MGNREGA village councillors falls under medium category of role perception (67.50%) and similarly in case of scheme beneficiaries with majority of them under medium level of role perception (76.66%). Overall, role perception of the village councillors, more than half (55.55%) of them belonged to medium level, followed by 3.33 per cent under high level and low level (1.11%), which were in line with the research findings of Sinha and Mukhopadhyay (2019) and Chavan (2011), respectively. Also, role perception index was found to be 90.40 per cent and 79.29 per cent in case of scheme beneficiaries and village councillors, respectively. Whereas, the overall role perception index was found to be 77.26 per cent. Reason for high role perception index in case of scheme beneficiaries was due to high information seeking behaviour and extension contact.