Shikha Sharma, Kiranjot Sindhu, and Preeti Sharma
Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab
Resource conservation and sustainable development can be done through the traditional knowledge that has evolved after thousands of years of observation and experience. Indigenous people who live in an area have understanding and insights about resources, environment, and ecosystems thus the use of a participatory approach in resource management is more beneficial. Indigenous traditional knowledge held by local communities includes traditional practices of conservation and sustainable use of natural resources which plays an integral role in achieving global sustainable development goals. This review paper focuses on the application and documentation of indigenous traditional knowledge. Indigenous traditional knowledge system consists of an integrated body of knowledge system which tends to focus on different aspects of agricultural sciences i.e. agriculture, home science, animal care, soil and water conservation. This knowledge is useful for the sustenance of the community, conservation of biodiversity and benefit the national economy. So eventually, Indigenous traditional knowledge is fruitful for sustainable development of the community and country. By linking the indigenous knowledge systems of the people with farmer, research, and extension the output of researches can be made more fertile and usable. The participatory technologies that are developed through Indigenous traditional knowledge integration will provide diversified technological options. Appropriate learning methods need to be designed with sensitivity to epistemological and contextual dimensions of traditional knowledge. For education programs to be effective they need to be addressed at various levels of social integration such as communities, civil society groups, nongovernmental organizations, formal and informal learning institutions, local administrative structures, and national, international, multilateral and policy forums.