COMPENDIUM, IEEC-2023   ( ISBN : 978-81-967860-4-5 )
Theme-4: Advances in Social Management in Agriculture and Allied Sciences

Promotion of Dairy Farming among Tribal farmers in North Eastern Hills

B. S. Meena, Jitendra Kumar Chauhan, H.R. Meena, Champak Bhakat, Sachin Kumar, Sidharth.S

ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal-132001, Haryana


The study was conducted in 19 villages from Meghalaya and Tripura states constituting a total of 225 farmers to document the existing dairy farming and to assess the impact of technological interventions on socio-economic status of beneficiaries. It was observed that before project all the farmers were rearing non-descript cattle but after the completion of project the farmers realized the importance of improved breeds of cattle and they started to rear breeds such as Jersey, HF cross, Sahiwal. As far as method of pregnancy diagnosis of animals was concerned, it was found that farmers were not cognizant about the accurate methods and relying on methods like belly appearance and the animal ceasing to milk itself. The positive impacts were observed on the productive performance of cattle as a result of interventions made during the project. The peak yield of animals was increased from 3.64 ± 0.37 to 5.47 ± 1.22 (liter) whereas lactation length from 155±15 to 169±17 (days). The project interventions have made significant impact on reproductive performance of cattle. The puberty age of animals was found to be reduced from 34 ± 6 to 31 ± 7 (months); age at first calving from 41± 7 to 39± 9 month; service period of animals from 141 ± 37 to 127 ± 31 (days); and calving interval from 411 ± 46 to 397 ± 37 days. Farmers problem in rearing dairy animals were tackled and reduced to certain extent owing to the interventions made during the project.

IEEC-2023 at RARI (SKNAU, Jobner), Jaipur, Rajasthan organised by Society of Extension Education, Agra, India