Gopichand Singh and Mamata Choudhary
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Nagaur-I, Rajasthan Agriculture University, Jodhpur
Organic farming is actually initiated as an answer to the environmental sufferings caused by the use of chemical pesticides and synthetic fertilisers. Organic farming is a system for crops that emphasizes environmental protection and the use of natural farming techniques. It is concerned not only with the end product but with the entire system used to produce and deliver the agricultural product. To this end, the entire farm cycle, from production and processing to handling and delivery, excludes the use of artificial products such as genetically modified organisms (GMOs) and certain external agricultural inputs such as pesticides and synthetic fertilizers. Organic farmers rely instead on natural farming methods and modern scientific ecological knowledge in order to maximize the long-term health and productivity of the ecosystem, enhance the quality of the products, and protect the environment. Proponents of organic methods believe that it is a more sustainable and less damaging approach to the environment. A combination of organic farming and new technologies is of utmost importance to reduce the limitations and challenges of organic farming. The innovative methods and new approaches make new trends toward sustainable farming systems and enhance the agricultural productivity and quality of life of many farmers in an environmentally friendly way. In other words, organic farming mirrors the sustainability concepts of Global Agriculture.