COMPENDIUM, IEEC-2023   ( ISBN : 978-81-967860-4-5 )
Theme-4: Advances in Social Management in Agriculture and Allied Sciences

Offspring’s Labour Migration and Its Implications on Elderly Parents’ Psychological Wellbeing

Prema B Patil, Geeta Channal and Mouneshwari Kammar

University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad-580005


Population ageing and labour out-migration are increasingly challenging normative intergenerational support systems and familial welfare in parts of Asia. Extant studies look at how migration affects the material wellbeing, but less is known about how migration affects the psychological wellbeing of non-migrant elderly who are left behind. The total sample comprised of 102 elderly persons aged 65 years and above whose adult children had migrated to other places other than their place of origin. The scale developed by Sisodia and Choudhary was used to measure the psychological well-being of rural elderly. The scale consists of five areas namely satisfaction, efficiency, sociability, mental health and interpersonal relations with 10 items in each area. The age of the elderly ranged from 65 to 98 years. Majority (85.32 %) of the respondents were illiterate. Very few (10.59 %) of the respondents were still working. In sub areas, 59.80 per cent of the respondents had low level of satisfaction. Forty six per cent of the respondents had low level of efficiency. More than half (52.94%) of the respondents had high level of sociability. Mental health of 51.96 per cent of the respondents was found to be low. The overall level of psychological wellbeing revealed that more than half i.e 53.92 per cent of the respondents had low level of psychological well being. Only 4.90 per cent of them had high level of psychological wellbeing. Psychological well being of the rural elderly was found to be low due to sons’ migration in 73.54 per cent of the respondents. Life satisfaction (+0.185*), Efficiency (+0.135*), Sociability (+0.165*), Mental health (+ 0.170*) and interpersonal relations (+0.162*) had a positive and significant relationship at 5 per cent level with the psychological wellbeing of rural elderly.

IEEC-2023 at RARI (SKNAU, Jobner), Jaipur, Rajasthan organised by Society of Extension Education, Agra, India