Anannya Chakraborty and Jesmin Abedin
School of Agriculture, Seacom Skills University, Bolpur, West Bengal
Agriculture is an ancient profession that has played a crucial role in human civilization and has provided sustenance for millions of people throughout history. However, it is important to recognize that agriculture can also be a hazardous occupation, particularly in regions where safety regulations and standards are lacking or not adequately enforced. Agriculture plays a vital role in India’s economy. As a result, the citizens heavily rely on agriculture for their livelihoods, engaging in activities such as farming, livestock rearing, and forest-based gathering. However, the lack of proper safety measures and training exposes them to various occupational hazards. The occupational hazards are caused by agricultural tools, farm machinery, climate agents, chemical agents, animal/snake bites, dust, solar radiation, and psychological stress due to socioeconomic problems. According to a report published in National Agri Safety Database, USA (2014), nearly 90 per cent of the farmers are suffering from lung-related diseases or chronic bronchitis. According to a study conducted by Hyun Jung Lee et.al. (2021) in Jeju Island, China, nearly 23.70 per cent of female farmers are suffering from lower back pain. The only remedy for this situation is the mechanization of agriculture. Modern equipment like Happy seeder, combine harvester, zero till seed drill, Power weeder, Reaper combiner etc. can reduce the drudgeries of farm works to a significant extent and as far as stress-related issues are concerned proper counselling of the farmers and adequate support from the government can solve these issues. The present paper is a conceptual note regarding the several occupational hazards faced by the farming communities and on the amicable solution of this problem through modern-day mechanized agricultural practices.