COMPENDIUM, IEEC-2023   ( ISBN : 978-81-967860-4-5 )
Theme-3: Bio-diversity and Resource Conservation, Livelihood and Food Security towards Sustainable Agri-food Systems

Nature and Extent of Occupational Diversification of farmers of Khordha District of Odisha

Debi Kalyan Jayasingh and Bishnupriya Mishra

College of Agriculture, Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar, Odisha


The study was orchestrated in eight villages under four blocks of the two subdivisions of the Khordha district, Odisha, India in 2022. A total 30 farmers were selected from each village whereby 10 farmers were considered each from marginal, small and semi-medium to medium categories which constituted the total respondents to be 240 farmers. Data collection was performed by using personal interview method under the ex-post facto research design. Agriculture and was found to be dominant activity under on farm category in case of marginal (91.25 %), small (98.75%) and semi-medium to medium (100.0%) category. In case of ‘Off-farm’ occupation, half of the marginal farmers (51.25 %) opted for ‘Agricultural labour’ whereas in small farmers, nearly one-third of them opted for ‘Transportation’ (33.75 %) as well as ‘Input suppliers’ (30.00 %) and in semi-medium to medium farmers, the occupations concerning ‘Input suppliers’ and ‘Transportation’ has been opted by 37.50 per cent and 26.25 per cent respectively. Under the category of ‘Non-farm’, ‘Formally employed’ has taken up the first place in categories of marginal, small and semi-medium to medium farmers by the margin of 31.25 per cent, 72.50 per cent and 51.25 per cent respectively. Marginal farmers were restricted at most to two activities whereas the rest others were indulged upto four activities as adopted by them for their livelihood. Nearly half (47.50%) of them expressed moderate extent of diversification with the diversification index value of 0.46 where its trends were low to medium levels in marginal farmers and medium to high levels in both the cases of small and semi-medium to medium farmers. The dominant pattern of diversification found to be tilted towards the non-farm occupations.

IEEC-2023 at RARI (SKNAU, Jobner), Jaipur, Rajasthan organised by Society of Extension Education, Agra, India