Ashok Baindha, Sanjay K. Rewani and Subhash Chand
Post Graduate Institute of Veterinary Education and Research, Jaipur
The problem of unemployment among graduates is increasing globally due to population growth, rise in the number of university graduates, reliance on government employment, economic meltdown, and lower emergence of new ventures. Considering the importance of entrepreneurship this study was conducted on veterinary students studying in undergraduate and postgraduate programmes at different universities in six zonal councils of India to assess the influence of demographic factors on their entrepreneurial intentions. The data was collected online through a scheduled questionnaire. A total of 906 eligible responses were analysed using SPSS version 26 by generalized linear modelling. The estimates of the regression coefficient show that age, religion, annual income of the family, marital status, level of academic education of students, occupation of father and the occupation of mother do not influence the entrepreneurial intention of students but gender, social class and occupation of the respondent have a significant influence on their entrepreneurial intention. To develop entrepreneurial intention among veterinary students pursuing their undergraduate or postgraduate degree programmes, it is important to focus on the gender of the students, the social class to which those students belong and also the occupation (other than course curriculum) or their interest, rather than their chronological age, religion to which they belong, annual income of the family, their marital status, academic degree programme and also the occupation of their father and mother. This suggested that age, religion, annual income of the family, marital status, level of academic education and occupation of father and mother were not the influential determinants of intentions, in the Indian context. This could be due to the presence of narrow age difference, secularism in India and students were more focused on completing their studies to achieve a job in public or private industries or get self-employed.